Working with resource strings

Resource strings store the text displayed in the Xperience administration interface and on the live site.

Resource string priority

When loading resource strings, the system uses the following priority:

  1. database (Localization application) – highest priority
  2. site and component specific resx files
  3. resx files of custom modules
  4. custom.resx – detected based on a naming convention. Not present by default.
  5. cms.resx

If there are duplicate strings with the same key in all five sources, the system uses the one stored in the database.

To change the priorities, you can add the following key to the appSettings section of your web.config:

<add key="CMSUseSQLResourceManagerAsPrimary" value="false" />

When this key is added, the priorities are as follows:

  1. site and component specific resx files
  2. resx files of custom modules
  3. custom.resx – detected based on a naming convention. Not present by default.
  4. cms.resx
  5. database

Modifying the default UI strings used by the administration interface

If you want to modify text in the Xperience administration interface, use one of the following options:

  • Override resource strings in the Localization application.
  • Create a cms.resx file in your administration project's CMSResources folder and store your strings in this file.
    • The file's content must have a valid XML structure for the .resx file format, including header information. You can copy the general structure from the default cms.resx file.
    • To customize strings in non-English resource files, your custom file must use a name in format cms.<culture code>.resx (for example, cms.fr-fr.resx for French).

In both cases, the keys used to identify the strings must be the same as in the default cms.resx file.

Modifying the default UI strings on the live site

The default resource string files used by the system are stored as embedded resources in application assemblies (delivered via the NuGet integration packages). The live site localization strings are split into the following files:

  • KenticoResources.resx – general strings used by the Xperience integration.
  • Kentico.Builder.resx – strings shared by both the form and page builder.
  • Kentico.PageBuilder.resx – strings for the page builder UI.
  • Kentico.FormBuilder.resx – strings for default form components and the form builder UI.
  • Kentico.Components.resx – strings for default selector components and widgets.

If you need access to these strings for the purpose of localization, contact us at partners@kentico.com or support@kentico.com

To modify or translate these strings, use the following process:

  1. Create a file with a name identical to one of the resx files listed above in the ~/App_Data/Global/Resources folder of the live site application.
    • For For non-English resource files, create a subfolder matching the culture code of the target culture. For example: ~/App_Data/Global/Resources/es-es
  2. Place the localized or modified strings into the file. The keys used to identify the strings must match those used the original file.
    • The system prioritizes strings stored in these files over the default ones.

The application now prioritizes resource strings located under ~/App_Data/Global/Resources.

Accessing the Localization application

Editing of resource strings in the Localization application is only possible for two types of users:

Note: The Localize strings permission allows users to edit or override all global resource strings. You cannot use the permission model to restrict access to a certain subset of resource strings, for example on instances containing multiple independent websites.

Adding your own strings

If you need to translate custom strings used on your website such as form labels, display names of objects or other static text into other languages, you can create a new resource string:

  1. Open the Localization application.
  2. Choose the default culture in the Culture selector.
  3. Click New string.
  4. Type the name of the resource string into the Key field.
  5. Type the text for the key into the Translation field of the corresponding language.

  6. Click Save.

A new string in the default culture is now displayed in the list.

You can also create new resource strings directly when editing text fields in the administration interface. See Localizing text fields.

Translating resource strings into other languages

  1. Open the Localization application.
  2. Edit () the resource string.
  3. If you do not see the desired language, use the Show translation for radio buttons to change the category of cultures.
  4. Translate the string into the desired language in the corresponding Translation field.
    Translating a resource string

  5. Click Save.

The resource string and its translation are now created and stored in the database.

Retrieving resource strings via API

If you need to retrieve the value of a resource string in your custom code, use CMS.Helpers.ResHelper.GetString. The method retrieves a localized string associated with the given resource string name. For example:

using CMS.Helpers;
 
...

// Loads the value of the 'stringKey' resource string (in the default culture)
string localizedResult = ResHelper.GetString("stringKey");

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